All this innovation is automatic and leads to radical changes not only in the physical structure of companies but also in the world of work. Now that we know what the 4.0 industry is, we have understood its origins and benefits, and the next question that is depopulated is: what will be the professional figures of the future? And how will industrial work change?
The technological progress that companies are facing, in order to make themselves competitive in a constantly evolving scenario, is not only a technological issue but also a question of skills. Innovation and employment is a very close link that is becoming increasingly important in the 4.0 scenario.
There are many concerns: “Will the ever-increasing presence of technological robots lead to substantial cuts in traditional tasks?”
We cannot deny that many manual tasks will be replaced by automation and robotics, leaving room for new skills. Like any medal, there are two faces to consider. Let’s examine the Italian scenario, remembering that the Government’s plan for Industry 4.0 stressed, from the beginning, the importance of human capital, in parallel with the development of industry, which must be updated and in step with the new technological skills required. The first and fundamental step is TRAINING not only for those who enter the labour market but also for those who are already part of it. The aim is to update, strengthen and adapt employees, redesigning working methods. An essential starting point for taking part in progress 4.0.
Yes, robots will replace some manual jobs but on the other hand this continuous progress outlines the need for new jobs with specific skills, therefore,
the adoption of a philosophy based on digital and technological training of the employee hired (and/or candidate) is the key to staying abreast of the times.
A Manpower survey “Skill Revolution” shows that the digitalization and development of new skills, especially for Italian companies will create an expected increase in jobs between 31% and 41%.
Professional skills in the age of Industry 4.0?
SKILLS requests in all activities of transformation and assembly of raw materials, development of collaborative networks using cloud platforms, development of new products and services of design of their life cycle and activities aimed at exploiting and enhancing data from machinery, devices, products, customers (etc.).
So, in concrete terms, what will be the new jobs in the industrial sector? We are talking about Developers, ICT Consultants, Service Development Manager, Big Data Specialist, Cybersecurity Officer, these are some of the positions in which the increase in demand is derived from technological progress 4.0.
We prefer the quality of work and the operator rather than quantity, it is essential to expand the skills of human activities through a mechanism of “job enlargement”, giving the operator more critical and qualified tasks and not individual tasks and repetitive.